About ten different species or more of mushrooms fungi well be cultivated in Egypt for first time using Chinese JUNCAO technology and other techniques. In the Perspective of a circular integrated economy, other valuable products such as β-Glucan, bio-ethanol, fish and Fish feed will be produced. In this research project, the economic reward will be maximized by the integration of mushrooms cultivation and fish production and through that, obtaining valuable products. β-glucan is a component of fungi cell walls, and has a high level of biological efficiency (such as, induce leukocyte activation or produce inflammatory mediators.), especially b-1,3-D-glucans and b-1,6-D-glucans isolated from Basidiomycetes division, which most mushrooms belong to. Ethanol is famous industrial product has many industrial usages and currently used as bio-fuel in many parts of the world.
The research project could be divided into two parts. Part 1 will covers laboratory determination in big test tubes for the most suitable Egyptian agricultural wastes and grasses obtained from different governorates, as substrates for fastest and strong mycelium growth. These substrates will be chemically analyzed and subjected to the initial preparation which include drying, grinding, mixing in certain proportions and adjusting the humidity percentage and pH, At the same time, level of β-glucan in mycelium in each of studied strains will be determined using submerged cultures.
Part II of this research project will in the cultivation rooms, in which, the construction of mushroom shelves and the fish aquarium will be in integrated design. This will be in companion with the preparation of fungal initiator “spawn”of each of studied strains which will be used to inoculate selected substrate. Following that, adjustment of different environmental and climatic conditions suitable for different mushroom strains in terms of temperature, pH, humidity, illumination and Co2 level in cultivations rooms. In this study, the Co2 produced from mushroom cultivation will be the carbon source for the bacteria of the bio-filter used in fish aquaculture and the released water evaporation from the aquaculture will be source for high humidity needed in mushroom cultivation. Depending on the laboratory experiments, selected substrate will be prepared again and packed in specific and varied packages, then inoculated and incubated.
Different mushrooms spent will be fermented to produce fish feed and ethanol. Ethanol production will depends in a yeast isolate proved its efficiency in previous study.
At the end of the study, training courses about the resulted model in some villages and for young men who want to start their own enterprise will be conducted.
DESCRIPTION OF YOUR ORGANISATION:
Biological Agriculture Research Department (BARD), Central Lab. for Agricultural Climate (CLAC), Agriculture Research Center (ARC) is giving attention to all fields related to biological agriculture and its relationship to various climatic changes and environmental issues such as pollution resulting from excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and its negative impact on increasing gas emissions, using microorganisms as biofertilizers, biocontrol, agricultural wastes recycling and biofuel. BARD has special interest in mushroom fungi research and production, where it has a greenhouse for mushrooms research and production and equipped laboratory for mushroom spawn production, in addition to a collection of many mushroom species and strains
The Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area will devise new R&I approaches to improve water availability and sustainable agriculture production in a region heavily distressed by climate change, urbanisation and population growth